Image Cross Fader Redux




Food chain



January 19, 2017 bora wind effect on the northern Adriatic Sea
ESA--Sentinel-1 satellite radar image (el. by C.Fragiacomo)


Scientific Themes

The coastal marine observatory site Gulf of Trieste lies within the Marine Protected Area (MPA) of Miramare and includes the biological time-series station “C1”, now part of the Italian Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network, and the in situ continuous MAMBO meteo-oceanographic buoy.
Marine Protected Areas represent one of the most effective systems for marine biodiversity preservation and management. Long-Term Ecological Research is an essential component of worldwide efforts to better understand ecosystem structure, functioning and response to natural and man-made impacts.
Since 1986, the time-series station “C1” in the Gulf of Trieste (GoTTs, Gulf of Trieste Time series) represents a crucial site for marine ecological research, as it is subject to the interaction among several natural forcing (river, groundwater discharge, tides, general circulation, intense meteorological) and numerous anthropogenic activities (maritime transport, harbours of Trieste and Monfalcone, urban waste discharge, mussel- and fish-farming, fishing and recreational activities).
In 1999, the ecological research site has been equipped with a meteo oceanographic buoy (MAMBO) in order to acquire continuous data on meteorological conditions at sea and on seawater physical and biogeochemical properties. Due to the high temporal dynamics of ecological processes in coastal ecosystems, continuous and real-time data of the main meteorological, physical and biogeochemical properties are fundamental for a better understanding of marine ecosystem functioning.

The major research objectives of the coastal marine observatory site Gulf of Trieste are:
  • to assess the status of planktonic and benthic communities in terms of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning;
  • to identify long term changes of the marine coastal ecosystem in the northernmost part of the Mediterranean basin;
  • to evaluate temporal dynamics of nutrients, dissolved and particulate organic matter;
  • to evaluate the role of meteorological, physical and biological drivers on marine acidification;
  • to evaluate relationships among meteorological drivers and the marine ecosystem;
  • to assess the vulnerability to major global changes (global warming, ocean acidification, pollution, biodiversity loss, introduction of NIS (Non indigenous species) and HAO (Harmful Aquatic Organism);
  • to provide knowledge needed to improve management of the MPA;
  • to contribute with data, information and knowledge to the main EU marine environmental strategies and directives.
Technological objectives:
  • to represent a test site for the implementation of innovative sensors, instruments and technologies
  • to improve the near real time acquisition system configuration
  • to test the feasibility of use of wind energy to power the electronics on the buoy
  • to implement data transmission methods and new connective systems,
  • to develop innovative data management and validation tools and viewing services

For more informations, please contact: B. Cataletto -- M. Lipizer
Last update: March 14, 2017 -- Webmaster: R.Iungwirth