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Stazione Zoologica di Trieste dell'Università di Vienna - attuale Viale Romolo Gessi,2



Sezione Oceanografia, sede di Via Piccard a Santa Croce



Posizione della stazione C1-LTER nell'ambito dell'Area Marina Protetta di Miramare

Marine biology - History of the time series

Marine biological studies in the Gulf of Trieste, Northern Adriatic Sea, started long ago and it was in Trieste that the first biological research station in the Adriatic Sea, the Zoological Station of Trieste, was founded in 1875. During the First World War biological research was interrupted and the Zoological Station was closed. Only in the 1960s, thanks to the enthusiasm of the late Prof. Elvezio Ghirardelli of the University of Trieste, marine research in Trieste was resumed.

The first “organized” and regular biological observations at station C1 date back to the early 1970s when the study of the net-zooplankton community of the Gulf of Trieste was initiated thanks to the far-sightedness of Prof. Mario Specchi of the University of Trieste, who clearly recognised the importance of continuous biological observations. However, a regular monthly sampling for hydrological, chemical as well as biological (phytoplankton and zooplankton in several size classes) analysis only began in 1986.

Since 1994, thanks to several EU-Interreg founded projects, to the support of the regional authority (Regione Friuli Venezia Giulia) and to the strong interest of the Director of the Laboratory of Marine Biology of Trieste (LBM), Prof. Serena Fonda Umani, the set of measured parameters progressively increased, including also smaller size classes such as nanoplankton, picoplankton, viruses and several physiological processes. Since 2002, the study was further extended to the benthic environment and a dedicated data-bank was created to store data collected since 1986. Since 2006 the time series station C1 has been formally included in the Italian network of long term ecological research sites (LTER-Italy) as part of the northern Adriatic LTER site.

The time series station C1, initiated by the University of Trieste, was later taken care by the Laboratory of Marine Biology of Trieste after its formal institution in December 1979 and, since October 2005, by the Oceanography Section (OCE) of the Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS) of Trieste.

Experimental activities are regularly carried out at a monthly basis, thanks to the financial support of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region i and of OGS, the contribution of several international research projects and the support and collaboration of the Regional Environmental Protection Agency of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region (ARPA FVG).

Area description
The time series station C1 ( Latitude 45°42'2.99"N Longitude 13°42'36.00"E), located in the Gulf of Trieste in the northernmost part of the Adriatic Sea, is part of the Adriatic Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) site. It is a shallow coastal station (17 m depth) located at 0.2 Km from the coast, at the outer border of the Protected Sea Area of Miramare , Trieste.




Project involved Financing Istitution Period
Monitoring program Italian Ministry of Merchant Navy 1991 - 1992
Monitoring program Italian Ministry of Environment 1993
PRISMA 1 Italian Ministry of University and Scientific and Technological Research (MURST) 1995 - 1996
PRISMA 2 Italian Ministry of University and Scientific and Technological Research (MURST) 1996 - 1998
Monitoring program Italian Ministry of Environment 1997 - 2000
INTERREG 2 Friuli Venezia Giulia Region - Environment Dir. and European Commission 1998 - 2001
ADRICOSM Italian Ministry of Environment and Protection of Natural Resources 2001 - 2004
Monitoring program Italian Ministry of Environment and Protection of Natural Resources 2001 - 2005
INTERREG 3 Friuli Venezia Giulia Region - Environment Dir. and European Commission 2001 - 2006
ADRICOSM-ext UNESCO 2005 - 2007
INTERREG - ECOMADR Friuli Venezia Giulia Region - Environment Dir. and European Commission 2006 - 2007
VECTOR Italian Ministry of University and Research (MIUR) 2007 - 2008
ENVEurope LIFE+ 2010 - 2013
MedSeA FP7 2011 - 2013
Emodnet-biology DG MARE 2013 - 2016
Emodnet-chemistry DG MARE 2013 - 2016

For more informations, please contact: B. Cataletto -- M. Lipizer
Last update: March 24, 2017 -- Webmaster: R.Iungwirth